Information on the Roma in the case of Croatia
There is 16,975 Roma in Croatia, representing 0.40 per cent of the overall population, however, according to the recent data collection project developed in support of an
efficient implementation of the NRIS, it is said that around 25,000 to up to 30,000 Roma live in Croatia.
Croatia recognises Roma among 22 national minorities, whose political, social and cultural development is supported by law and specific policies. Nevertheless, Roma are considered to be the most vulnerable ethnic group; therefore, since 2003 the government has eveloped specialised measures aimed at supporting Roma’s social inclusion, including affirmative action.
Roma community is the most vulnerable to discrimination among all communities in the country and there is a lack of effective anti-discrimination actions or campaigns that would target the unequal treatment against Roma. Every fifth Roma in Croatia has experienced discrimination (mostly in education and in access to employment). But access to justice and remedy is still limited, mostly because of underreporting of cases of discrimination due to victims’ low trust in institutions. However, there have been few judgements that recognised the phenomenon, including a judgement of the European Court of Human Rights in a case of segregation in education.
Despite some actions by the government, following judgements of courts in cases concerning educational segregation, Roma pupils remain underrepresented in the mainstream preschool education and institutional segregation at the pre-primary and primary levels persists. Some 40 per cent of Roma pupils are educated in such environment, but the NRIS has set up a goal to fully eliminate this phenomenon by 2020.
More than half of Roma live in segregated settlements. Roma continue to be targets of racially motivated crime, but such cases continue to be unreported. This is due to a lack of trust, due also to misbehaviour of police officers toward Roma.
Roma Civil Monitor Coordinators:
NGO coalition members:
- Roma Resource Center
- Romsko društvo Romani Veseli
RCM 1 (2017-2020) Croatia Reports:
Roma Civil Monitor (2017) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategies in Croatia: Focusing on structural and horizontal preconditions for successful implementation of the strategy. ENGLISH – CROATIAN
Roma Civil Monitor (2018) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategy in Croatia: Assessing the progress in four key policy areas of the strategy ENGLISH – CROATIAN
Civil Society Monitoring Report on the Implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategy and Decade Action Plan in 2013 in Croatia – ENGLISH