Information on the Roma in the case of Cyprus
The population of Roma in Cyprus is small;1 the Council of Europe estimates the number of Roma living in the Republic of Cyprus (RoC) approximately 1,250, i.e. 0.11 per cent of the population (data from 2012). However, the Roma National Integration Strategy (NRIS) for Cyprus estimates that in the areas controlled by RoC there are approximately 650-700 Cypriot Roma.
The overall government policy approach to promote the social inclusion of the Cypriot Roma is through horizontal policy measures targeting all vulnerable groups
within existing broader social inclusion policies and structures (e.g. general social inclusion policies and the National Reform Programme). Since Cyprus promotes the inclusion of Roma through integrated policy measures within the existing structures, separate monitoring mechanisms have not been set up.
Cyprus’s actions for the inclusion of Roma seem not to have been effective enough. Cypriot Roma still face major difficulties, especially in housing and employment. Some of them live in the old Turkish-Cypriot houses, while others in prefabricated houses in specially designated settlements in rurar and segregated areas. Additionaly, Cypriot Roma continue to face widespread prejudice and discrimination in all areas of life. The lack of any policy or measures intended to address specifically the social inclusion or
Roma in Cyprus is attributed by the authorities to the fact that Roma, who officially belong to the Turkish-Cypriot community, may benefit from all the measures put in place to assist and support the Turkish-Cypriot community. In addition, the authorities have stated that the frequent movement of the Roma back and forth the demarcation line which divides the country since the Turkish invasion in 1974 makes any concrete action difficult to organise and sustain.
Roma Civil Monitor Coordinators:
- Roma Women Association (Greece)
RCM 1 (2017-2020) Cyprus Reports:
Roma Civil Monitor (2017) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategies in Cyprus: Focusing on structural and horizontal preconditions for successful implementation of the strategy. ENGLISH – GREEK
Roma Civil Monitor (2018) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategy in Cyprus: Assessing the progress in four key policy areas of the strategy ENGLISH – GREEK