Information on the Roma in the case of Lithuania
According to the population and housing census of 2011, the country was inhabited by 2,115 Roma people. From 1989 the number of Roma in the country is gradually
decreasing. In 1989 there were 2,719 Roma people in Lithuania, while in 2001 – 2,571. According to data of 2011, 81 per cent of the minority lived in urban areas, 19 per cent – in rural areas. Most of Roma lived in Vilnius (38 per cent, or 814 persons), Kaunas (23 per cent, or 482 persons), Šiauliai (11 per cent, or 224 persons), Marijampolė (10 per cent, or 214 persons), and Panevėžys (7 per cent, or 145 persons) districts. The majority (93 per cent of Roma) have Lithuanian citizenship, while 2.3 per cent have citizenship of Russian Federation, and the rest 2.6 per cent have other or no citizenship.
The main problems faced by the community are lack of adequate and accessible housing (especially acute in Vilnius), early school-drop outs and access to quality education for children, low levels of employment and general negative attitude towards Roma by the majority of the population, resulting in variety of problems ranging from bad atmosphere in schools for the children to hate-crimes. As the population of Roma in Lithuania is rather small, this fact was often used to justify the lack of measures taken by the authorities to improve the acute situation of this community. The lack of political will combined with the well-rooted stereotypes and scopegoat attitude applied to the community led to worsening of the situation in the fields of education, housing and employment.
Roma Civil Monitor Coordinators:
RCM 1 (2017-2020) Lithuania Reports:
Roma Civil Monitor (2017) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategies in Lithuania: Focusing on structural and horizontal preconditions for successful implementation of the strategy. ENGLISH – LITHUANIAN
Roma Civil Monitor (2018) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategy in Lithuania: Assessing the progress in four key policy areas of the strategy ENGLISH – LITHUANIAN
Roma Civil Monitor (2019) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategy in Lithuania: Identifying blind spots in Roma inclusion policy ENGLISH – LITHUANIAN