Information on the Roma in the case of Poland

The Roma in Poland belong predominantly to five groups. Polska Roma (Polish Roma), Romowie Karpaccy (Carpathian Roma, also known as Bergitka Roma), Kełderasze,
Lowarzy and Sinti. These groups differ in culture, and in social and economic situation. According to the Polish Law, Roma are legally recognized from 2005 as an ethnic
minority. They are at risk of discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin and because of being in socially excluded situation.12 Since the end of the World War II Poland is a homogeneous country in which all national and ethnic minorities constitute a little over 1 per cent of 38.5 million inhabitants. According to the latest 2011 Population and Housing Census, 17,049 Polish citizens declared to belong to the Roma ethnic minority. Nonetheless, according to local institutions, Roma organizations and researchers, the number of Roma in Poland is estimated to be between 25-35 thousand people.

Key problems:

The unemployment rate among Roma is high. The funding allocated to address this priority within the Roma Programme is still low, representing not more than 8 per cent (about 200,000 EUR) of the yearly available funds for implementation of the whole Roma Programme (some 2.5 million EUR yearly).

Roma Civil Monitor Coordinators:

NGO coalition members:

Roma Civil Monitor (2017) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategies in Poland: Focusing on structural and horizontal preconditions for successful implementation of the strategyENGLISHPOLISH

Roma Civil Monitor (2018) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategy in Poland:: Assessing the progress in four key policy areas of the strategy ENGLISHPOLISH

Roma Civil Monitor (2020) Civil society monitoring report on implementation of the national Roma integration strategy in Poland: Identifying blind spots in Roma inclusion policy  ENGLISHPOLISH

Roma Civil Monitor 2017-2020 country fiche: Poland